Monday, November 29, 2010

Stone Soup: Or~ What To Do With Vegetable Scraps

Ellen Kanner: Meatless Monday: Taking Stock

It's possible to save ourselves and the planet and money, all at the same time. Making vegetable stock is multitasking at its best -- you get to do all these things plus get a head start on dinner, too.

It's a bit like the folk tale in which a stranger comes to a village (one of your classic plot lines, by the way). There's been war, famine, poverty, in fact all the horsemen of the apocalypse have ridden through and it's made the townsfolk a little less than friendly. They suggest the man move along.

Right away, he says, but I'd like to stop for something to eat first.

Good luck, they say. You won't be finding any food here.

He smiles. No problem. Got everything I need with me. I'm in the mood for stone soup. He builds a small fire, fills a beat-up pot with water and drops in what he says is his magic soup stone.

Magic and soup are both appealing things to those suffering hardship, and within minutes, the whole ragtag village has assembled to watch. The man stirs the pot and smiles.

Love a good stone soup, he says. But you know what really makes makes stone soup special is a little bit of cabbage.

One of the villagers rescues a sorry-looking head of cabbage he was going to feed to his pigs and offers it to the stranger.

Great, the stranger says, adding the cabbage to the pot. You'll have some soup with me when it's ready, won't you?

The villager is thrilled, also hungry. He agrees.

So, says another villager. What else goes into stone soup?

Carrots are lovely, says the stranger. Perhaps an onion, a potato, and I always like to add some greens like the ones you've got growing wild around here.

Pretty soon, every person in the village has anted up a vegetable or two. Everything goes in the pot with the magic soup stone, and it all comes together to be a rich, life-sustaining soup that feeds them all. No one eats the stone, either, which would make for a very bad ending.

The moral is, we are capable of sustaining ourselves but only by working together. Which brings me back to making vegetable stock and being green.

Rather than wasting precious scraps and the odd bits of vegetables leftover from cooking, throw them all in a bag, like a gallon-sized resealable. Extra points if you use environmentally-friendly bags. Put scraps in bag, throw bag in freezer. Add scraps every time you chop fresh herbs, peel an onion, tear up greens for salad. Carrot, tomato and potato peels, green bean tops and tails, cabbage cores, woody broccoli stems, slightly past-its-prime produce, everything goes in the bag. When it's full and you've got a few minutes, it's stock-making time.

Dump veggie bits into a large soup pot. Add a quart of water -- a cup or two more if you've reached vegetable scrap motherlode. Put the lid on the pot, set the burner on high and let the water come to a boil. Turn off the heat, leave the pot in place for half an hour (or longer), you're done.

Meanwhile, the veggie bits and hot water coalesce, providing gorgeous vegetable broth. Known as passive cooking, it may look like you're doing nothing, but you're making broth and saving energy, both yours and the electricity or gas necessary to heat the soup. Keeping on the lid means the heat doesn't escape and does the work for you.

Let the mixture cool, then strain broth. Vegetable stock can be frozen until you're ready, then use as the base for soups or stews or to add nutrients and flavor when cooking whole grains. Taste varies based on what goes into the broth. However, it's always better than the purchased stuff. There's no salt unless/until you add it. And you never have to lay out another penny for vegetable stock again. For extra points, compost cooked and cooled scraps, as long as there's no animal amongst them.

In a greenwashed world, making vegetable stock is really, truly green, good for the planet, good for you and something from nothing. If it's not quite stone soup, it's still pretty close to magic.

Indian Red Lentil Soup

So what do you do with vegetable stock? Substituting stock for water when you cook beans or whole grains imparts extra flavor and vegetable goodness. It's great in a gazillion recipes, including as a base for soups, like this warming Indian-spiced one. It's cheap to make, quick to cook and fab, nourishing and warming to eat.

2 tablespoons olive oil
1-1/2 teaspoons cumin
1 teaspoon coriander
1 teaspoon turmeric
1 pinch red pepper flakes or one dried red chili, crumbled
2 large onions, chopped
6 garlic cloves, minced
2 tablespoons fresh ginger, minced
1-1/2 cup red lentils
6 cups vegetable broth (see?)
1 28-ounce box or can chopped tomatoes
juice of 1 lemon
1 bunch cilantro, chopped
sea salt and fresh ground pepper to taste

In a large heavy saucepan, heat oil over moderate heat. Add dried spices and chili or pepper flakes, stirring for 1 minute, or until the oil darkens and turns fragrant.

Add onions, garlic and garlic, stirring until onions soften and become translucent, about 5 minutes.

Pour in lentils, stirring for 1 to 2 minutes, or until lentils deepen in color and are coated with the seasoned oil.

Add the vegetable broth (homemade is cheapest and best) and chopped tomatoes.

Simmer, covered for half an hour, or until lentils are tender, but not mushy.

Stir in lemon juice and cilantro, season with sea salt and pepper to taste.

Serves 6.

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